ART & CULTURE

Urs Fischer, Untitled, 2011, © Urs Fischer, Courtesy Galerie Eva Presenhuber, Zurich. Photo : Stefan Altenburger / Bourse de Commerce — Pinault Collection © Tadao Ando Architect & Associates, Niney et Marca Architectes, Agence Pierre-Antoine Gatier

François Pinault’s Dream, Bourse de Commerce
How many arts can an individual collect? If you are curious about the answer, look into the Bourse de Commerce in Paris. A new contemporary art museum was opened by Kering founder and art collector François Pinault in the French capital of Paris.
Since May, Paris has been recuperating from the prolonged travel restrictions, and restaurants and bars have normalized their businesses, opening their patios. Les Halles, the transportation hub of Paris, seemed a lot busier than before, when visited back in June. People were seen basking in the sun at the Jardin Nelson Mandela located next to Westfield Forum des Halles, a shopping mall which reopened in 2018 after seven years of renovation. At one end of the garden stands the ‘Bourse de Commerce’ which opened on May 22 in time for the lifting of travel restriction. It’s the newest addition to the museums operated by Kering founder and art collector François Pinault.

Bourse de Commerce — Pinault Collection © Tadao Ando Architect & Associates, Niney et Marca Architectes, Agence Pierre-Antoine Gatier. / Photo Vladimir Partalo

“It began as a dream, a dream that seemed out of reach. Then this dream became an ambition. Today, that ambition has become reality. For years, I have longed to be able to show my collection in Paris, the city I love. This is why the inauguration of the Bourse de Commerce — Pinault Collection is of such special and symbolic importance for me.”
François Pinault

Drapeau, décembre 2020 © Studio Bouroullec, Courtesy Bourse de Commerce - Pinault Collection / Photo Studio Bouroullec

Bourse de Commerce — Pinault Collection © Tadao Ando Architect & Associates, Niney et Marca Architectes, Agence Pierre-Antoine Gatier / Photo Vladimir Partalo

© Studio Bouroullec, Courtesy Bourse de Commerce - Pinault Collection / Photo Studio Bouroullec

84-Year-Old Collector’s Dream and Art Museum
After the city reopened, museums and art galleries have followed suit, waking up from COVID-19 hibernation and reaccepting visitors. The Bourse de Commerce is deemed the brightest rising star in the Parisian art circle this summer. Apart from the fact that it is housed in the landmark architecture in central Paris, it has sparked interest well before the opening, as an exhibition space for François Pinault’s art collection, which totals over 10,000. Despite the fact that the pandemic reduced the number of tourists in Paris to the lowest level ever, the Bourse de Commerce is fully booked through the next month. It means Parisiens are in love with it.

Bourse de Commerce — Pinault Collection © Tadao Ando Architect & Associates, Niney et Marca Architectes, Agence Pierre-Antoine Gatier / Photo Marc Domage

In 2000, François Pinault had planned to build a museum for his collection on the Île Seguin in the suburbs of Paris, but it was cancelled for many reasons. Instead, he opened the Palazzo Grassi and the Punta Della Dogana consecutively in Venice, Italy, to house Pinault Collection, showing the kind of impact he can have in the art circle. However, his life-long rival Bernard Arnault, the chairman of LVMH, opened the Fondation Louis Vuitton in 2014 in the Bois de Boulogne in Paris, and seeing the archrival achieved a similar goal to his, Pinault could have been more motivated to get the work done for his dream. Both entrepreneurs have represented France in similar areas of business. Arnault who got into global luxury-goods business first is financially more successful, but Pinault is considered a cut above as an art collector and owner of auction house Christie’s, which led to an industry buzz that Pinault was not so happy about Arnault beating him to the punch in opening an art museum in Paris. In 2016, the city of Paris proposed a 50-year lease of the Bourse de Commerce to Pinault on condition that he should take full financial responsibility for its renovation, and his long-time dream of opening a museum in Paris became reality as he turned 84.

Bourse de Commerce — Pinault Collection © Tadao Ando Architect & Associates, Niney et Marca Architectes, Agence Pierre-Antoine Gatier / Photo Maxime Tétard, Studio Les Graphiquants, Paris

Bourse de Commerce — Pinault Collection © Tadao Ando Architect & Associates, Niney et Marca Architectes, Agence Pierre-Antoine Gatier / Photo Maxime Tétard, Studio Les Graphiquants, Paris

“The architecture was to serve as the link between the threads of time, the past, present and future [...] the spatial layout of the Bourse de Commerce consists of concentric circles and is designed to create an intense and more subtle dialogue between new and old.”
Bourse de Commerce architect Tadao Ando
Pinault Collection Partner, Architect Tadao Ando
The Bourse de Commerce is well known for its elegant neo-classical architecture and the exquisite dome capping the center rotunda(a building with a circular ground plan). Previously used by the Paris Chamber of Commerce, the building was designed in 1763 as a place to negotiate the trade of grain and other commodities, and was later turned into the Paris Stock Exchange in 1889. The metal and glass dome using advanced technology was added in the early 18th century, finalizing the iconic image of the building that embraces history of two centuries.
Japanese architect Tadao Ando is behind the building’s 21st-century renaissance. He had already successfully completed work on two other Pinault Collection houses in Venice — Palazzo Grassi and Punta Della Dogana.

Bourse de Commerce — Pinault Collection © Tadao Ando Architect & Associates, Niney et Marca Architectes, Agence Pierre-Antoine Gatier / Photo Patrick Tourneboeuf

By erecting a Pantheon-inspired cylindrical concrete wall measuring 9m in height and 30m in diameter inside the rotunda, the architect added his signature style of simplicity and poetic architecture to the Bourse de Commerce. The building has gone through restoration using traditional as well as state-of-the-art technologies to recreate the original appearance, from the exteriors to the machine room. Through the latest development in glazing, the special glass dome with a higher thermal-efficiency protects the artworks from natural light, and changes in the clouds and sunlight alone create an artistic resonance in the interior space. Beneath the enormous glass dome, extensive frescoes representing the history of trade between the five continents cover the ceiling. Although there is a criticism that the murals glorify the nation’s colonial exploits in the past, the restored works have an effect of highlighting the history of confrontation drawing a sharp contrast against the contemporary exhibition space.

Drapeau, décembre 2020 © Studio Bouroullec, Courtesy Bourse de Commerce - Pinault Collection / Photo Studio Bouroullec

Ronan et Erwan Bouroullec, Luminaire, escalier 19e © Studio Bouroullec / Courtesy Bourse de Commerce - Pinault Collection

On the ground and upper levels of the Bourse de Commerce are exhibition space and an atelier. Underneath, a basement level will hold an auditorium and a studio for displaying video and sound installation. The third level is shared by a restaurant, cafes, and lounging areas. François Pinault commissioned Bretagne-born designer brothers Ronan & Erwan Bouroullec to design the interior and exterior space of the building, as well as furnishings and lighting in the restaurant and cafes.

Sherrie Levine, After Russell Lee, 2016 / Courtesy Sherrie LevineRichard Prince, Untitled (Cowboy), 2015 © Richard Prince / Courtesy Gagosian and the artist.Michel Journiac, 24 heures de la vie d'une femme ordinaire, 1974 © Michel Journiac / ADAGP, Paris 2020 / Courtesy Galerie Christophe GaillardPhoto : Aurélien Mole / Bourse de Commerce — Pinault Collection © Tadao Ando Architect & Associates, Niney et Marca Architectes, Agence Pierre-Antoine Gatier

Exhibition Ouverture
The title of the inaugural exhibition of the Bourse de Commerce is literally ‘Ouverture.’ From the lower basement level to the upper ground floor, the exhibition space is divided into sculptures, photography, paintings, and installation works. Presented in the rotunda are a life-size replica of Giambologna’s ‘The Abduction of the Sabine Women’ and the famous chair series by Swiss artist Urs Fisher, and works by 32 artists who have been closely associated with Pinault, such as Pierre Huyghe, Bertrand Lavier, and David Hammons, with a focus on the unpublished collection.
The art museum plans to continue introducing the remainder of the vast Pinault Collection. In the world of art, even the slightest interest by François Pinault dramatically raises the value of art by unknown artists. The Bourse de Commerce is expected to provide young, up-and-coming artists with a platform to showcase their works.

Maurizio Cattelan, Others, 2018 © Maurizio Cattelan / Courtesy de l'artiste et de Bourse de Commerce - Pinault Collection. Photo Marc Domage

Ryan Gander, I... I... I…, 2019 © Ryan Gander / ADAGP, Paris 2021 Exhibition view: Ouverture, Bourse de Commerce - Pinault Collection, Paris, 2021 / Courtesy the artist and Bourse de Commerce - Pinault Collection / Photo: Aurélien Mole

Addess 2 Rue de Viarmes, 75001 Paris
Phone +33 1 55 04 60 60
Hour Everyday 11:00-19:00 (Closed on Tuesdays)
Homepage Bourse de Commerce
September 2021 Editor:Jung Jaewook
Writer:Jung Jaehoon
Cooperation: Bourse de Commerce de Paris

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